Working with RDMA in RedHat/CentOS 7.*
- 1 Installing RDMA packages
- 2 Uninstalling RDMA packages
- 3 Starting the RDMA services
- 4 Stopping the RDMA services
- 5 RDMA configuration file(s)
- 6 More information
- 7 FAQs
RedHat and CentOS 7.* have integrated RDMA support. In This post we'll discuss how to manage and work with the inbox RDMA packages in those distributions.
Installing RDMA packages
One can install all the RDMA packages manually one by one and resolve the dependency by himself. However, yum provides us an easy way to install all the needed packages for working with RDMA and resolve the dependencies in other packages automatically.
yum allows installation of multiple packages according to a specific area. Unlike its name may imply, the group "Infiniband Support" has all the relevant packages for RDMA support, i.e. InfiniBand, RoCE and iWARP, and not only InfiniBand. The following command will show which packages are part of the group "Infiniband Support":
As one can see, there are several classifications for packages in this group: "mandatory", "default" and "optional". In RedHat/CentOS 7.* distributions (at least, for now), by default only the "mandatory" and "default" packages will be installed. The following command line will install the needed packages that are needed to work with RDMA:
The "optional" packages needs to be installed explicitly. The following command line will install them:
Uninstalling RDMA packages
Just like we used yum to install the packages group, we'll use it to uninstall those packages, if they aren't needed anymore. The following command line will uninstall the RDMA packages:
Starting the RDMA services
Load the RDMA drivers using the following command line:
If one is using the InfiniBand transport and he doesn't have a managed switch in the subnet, he has to start the Subnet Manager (SM). Doing this in one of the machines in the subnet is enough, this can be done with the following command line:
If one wishes to start the RDMA service automatically when the operating system is loaded, the following command line will do the trick:
Stopping the RDMA services
If the SM is running, then it must be stopped before unloading the drivers. Stop the SM using the following command line:
Unload the RDMA drivers using the following command line:
RDMA configuration file(s)
1. The rdma service loads the configuration file: /etc/rdma/rdma.conf. This file controls which modules will be loaded during the service startup and some attributes about the RDMA modules. The following parameters are supported:
|Parameter name||Description||Supported values|
|IPOIB_LOAD||Load IPoIB module||yes/no|
|SRP_LOAD||Load SRP initiator module||yes/no|
|SRPT_LOAD||Load SRP target module||yes/no|
|ISER_LOAD||Load ISER initiator module||yes/no|
|RDS_LOAD||Load RDS module||yes/no|
|FIXUP_MTRR_REGS||Modify the system mtrr registers||yes/no|
2. RDMA needs to work with pinned memory, i.e. memory which cannot be swapped out by the kernel. By default, every process that is running as a non-root user is allowed to pin a low amount of memory (64KB). In order to work properly as a non-root user, it is highly recommended to increase the size of memory which can be locked. Edit the file /etc/security/limits.conf and add the following lines:
* soft memlock unlimited
* hard memlock unlimited
This will allow process that is running as any user to pin unlimited amount of memory. Changing this line will become effective for new login sessions.
After login again, executing the following command line will print how much memory (in KB) can be locked:
(the expected output is: "unlimited").
If one wishes to allow better control on this configuration: e.g. less memory to be pinned, or allow only specific user(s) to pin more memory - please refer to the Linux distribution manual.
Detailed information on how to work with RDMA in RedHat/CentOS 7.* can be found in the following URL:
I tried to restart the rdma service and got the following error message: "failed to restart rdma.service: operation refused, unit rdma.service may be requested by dependency only." What happened?
Starting RedHat 7, the RDMA stack is no longer restartable. can be found in the following URL:
Tell us what do you think.